Walkite Furgasa, Zelalem Negassa and Negesse Mekonnen
J. Vet. Res. Adv., 03 (01):28-40
Walkite Furgasa: School of Veterinary Medicine, Wollegga University, Ethiopia
Zelalem Negassa: Livestock Development and fishery office, Ethiopia
Negesse Mekonnen: Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia
Article History: Received on: 22-Feb-21, Accepted on: 16-Mar-21, Published on: 25-Mar-21
Corresponding Author: Walkite Furgasa
Citation: Negassa Z, Furgasa W and Mekonnen N (2021). Phytochemical screening and in vitro anthelminthic activity of selected ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in Haramaya District, Eastern Hararghe zone, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Res. Adv., 03 (01):28-40
Aim: The study was aimed to identify and document the medicinal plants used for treatments of diseases in animals.
Method and Materials: The present study was conducted in selected areas of Haramaya district in and around 6 kebeles (Gand Sharo, Ifa Oromia , Gand Boyi, Gand Amarti, gand xinike and ganda mude) from November 2014 to April 2015 . A total of 47 plants were identified through semi structured interview and guided field walk and observation. Among those, 9 plants ( Allium sativium, Veronia amygladina, Lantana camara, Ricinus communis, Moringa olifera, Catha edulis Solanium incanum and Carpurnia aurea) were selected based on their superior uses for extraction, evaluation of phytochemical and antihelimithis assay. From the 9 selected medicinal plants, two plants were selected for in vitro antihelimithic efficacy tests for egg hatch assay. The 70% methanol extracts of the bulbs of Alium sativum and the leaves of Calpurnia aurea were evaluated on nematode eggs.
Results: Calpurnia aurea extracts caused complete eggs hatch inhibition at concentration of 0.8%, 0.4% and 0.2%, while alium sativum extracts only in habits at 0.8% concentration.
Conclusion: The current findings revealed
that extracts from Calpurnia aurea b have potential anthelminthic effect and
further in vitro and in vivo evaluation is warranted to make use of the plants.
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