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Original research (Published On: 25-Mar-2021)

Phytochemical screening and in vitro anthelminthic activity of selected ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in Haramaya District, Eastern Hararghe zone, Ethiopia

Walkite Furgasa, Zelalem Negassa and Negesse Mekonnen

J. Vet. Res. Adv., 03 (01):28-40

Walkite Furgasa: School of Veterinary Medicine, Wollegga University, Ethiopia

Zelalem Negassa: Livestock Development and fishery office, Ethiopia

Negesse Mekonnen: Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia

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Article History: Received on: 22-Feb-21, Accepted on: 16-Mar-21, Published on: 25-Mar-21

Corresponding Author: Walkite Furgasa

Email: walkiteharamaya@gmail.com

Citation: Negassa Z, Furgasa W and Mekonnen N (2021). Phytochemical screening and in vitro anthelminthic activity of selected ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in Haramaya District, Eastern Hararghe zone, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Res. Adv., 03 (01):28-40


Abstract

Aim: The study was aimed to identify and document the medicinal plants used for treatments of diseases in animals.

Method and Materials: The present study was conducted in selected areas of Haramaya district in and  around  6  kebeles (Gand Sharo, Ifa Oromia , Gand  Boyi,  Gand Amarti,  gand xinike and ganda mude) from November  2014  to April 2015 . A total of 47 plants were identified through semi structured interview and guided field walk and observation.  Among those, 9 plants ( Allium  sativium, Veronia amygladina, Lantana camara, Ricinus communis, Moringa olifera, Catha edulis  Solanium incanum and Carpurnia aurea) were selected based on their  superior uses for extraction, evaluation of phytochemical and antihelimithis  assay. From the 9 selected medicinal plants, two plants were selected for in vitro antihelimithic efficacy tests for egg hatch assay. The 70% methanol extracts of the bulbs of Alium sativum and the leaves of Calpurnia aurea were evaluated on nematode eggs.

Results: Calpurnia aurea extracts caused complete eggs hatch inhibition at concentration of 0.8%, 0.4% and 0.2%, while alium sativum extracts only in habits at 0.8% concentration.

Conclusion: The current findings revealed that extracts from Calpurnia aurea b have potential anthelminthic effect and further in vitro and in vivo evaluation is warranted to make use of the plants.


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