Walkite Furgasa, Asfaw Gedefa and Atsedewoyne Firesbhat
J. Vet. Res. Adv., 03 (01):51-61
Walkite Furgasa: School of Veterinary Medicine, Wollegga University, Ethiopia
Asfaw Gedefa: University of Gonder, Gonder, Ethiopia
Atsedewoyne Firesbhat: University of Gonder, Gonder, Ethiopia
Article History: Received on: 22-Feb-21, Accepted on: 28-May-21, Published on: 01-Jun-21
Corresponding Author: Walkite Furgasa
Citation: Gedefa A, Furgasa W, Firesbhat A and Ayana T (2021). Market oriented livestock production and major health problems in Ambo district, Central Oromia, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Res. Adv., 03 (01):51-61
Aim: The study was aimed to identify the major animal health problems and to look at the animal production system.
Method and Materials: For this survey a total of 80 respondents were selected from four peasant associations namely: Awaro, Gosu, Kisose and Senkele and interviewed using structured questionnaire format. Focus group discussion was also made with volunteer respondents from each PA and the participants described the major livestock health problems in their area.
Results: Mixed crop-livestock type of production system was the main production system in the area in which animals were kept in limited grazing land. Among the livestock population in the study area Cattle were the most dominant from the animal species and kept primarily for source of draft power for crop production and milk purposes and also sold to market as a source of income in which small ruminant also play great role. Separate housing for both the families and animals were the characteristic of most households. Livestock feeding mainly based on the crop residues (cereal straw and Stover) during the dry season.
Conclusion: It was concluded that basic animals health and management as well as nutrition to maximizes health service coverage of the area, and Veterinary clinic should be available in area where there is no since the Ethiopian economy is mainly dependent on livestock production.
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