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Original research (Published On: 06-Jul-2023)

Effects of garlic powder as a food additive on the in vivo digestibility of rations enriched with Stylosanthes guianensis in cavies (Cavia porcellus. L)

Emile Miegoue, MV Tatang, MNB Noumbissi and WD Fokom

J. Vet. Res. Adv., 05 (02):08-16

Emile Miegoue: Department of Animals Sciences, University of Dschang, Cameroon

MV Tatang: Department of Animal Science, University of Dschang, Cameroon

MNB Noumbissi: Department of Animal Science, University of Dschang, Cameroon

WD Fokom: Multipurpose Research Station, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, Bangangté, Cameroon

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Article History: Received on: 23-Mar-23, Accepted on: 01-Jul-23, Published on: 06-Jul-23

Corresponding Author: Emile Miegoue

Email: migoumile@yahoo.fr

Citation: Tatang MV, Miegoue E, Noumbissi MNB, Fokom WD, Kwayep NC, Kenne NC, Djoumessi TFG, Fogang MD and Tendonkeng F (2023). Effects of garlic powder as a food additive on the in vivo digestibility of rations enriched with Stylosanthes guianensis in cavies (Cavia porcellus. L). J. Vet. Res. Adv., 05 (02):08-16


Abstract

Aim: The study was aimed to contribute better productivity of cavies through the valorization of rations enriched with Stylosanthes guianensis powder associated with phytobiotics.

Method and materials:  Fourty adult cavies of English breed including 20 females and 20 males aged 03 to 04 months and weighing around 350 ± 100g, purchased from producers in the neighboring villages of the experimental site. The cavies were acclimatized in the farm for one (01) month, the males isolated from the females in the breeding rooms previously cleaned and disinfected with a solution of sodium hypochlorite and cresyl, then 10 days of adaptation to individual cages of digestibility and experimental treatments. Drinking water enriched with vitamin C was distributed ad libitum. The animals were housed in individual cages and each received daily for the 7 days of the trial itself, 40g of rations each enriched with 20% Stylosanthes guianensis containing respectively 0% (R0), 0.25% (R0.25) 0.50% (R0.50) and 0.75% (R0.75) garlic powder. The rations were iso-nitrogenous (about 18% protein) and iso-energetic (about 2865 kcal DE/kg DM).

Results: Findings revealed that food intake significantly (P˂0.05) decreased with the increase in the level of garlic powder in the ration. The Dry Matter (DM) ingestion was significantly (P˂0.05) higher in both females and males and independently of sex with the R0.25 ration giving better results. The same trend was observed for the other parameters. Gender had no significant effect on the feed intake. The R0.25 and R0.50 rations made it possible to obtain the best digestive utilization coefficients for Dry Matter (DM), Organic Matter (OM) and Crude Protein (CP) and the R0.75 ration for Crude Fiber. Garlic powder can therefore be used at 0.25 or 0.50% to improve the ingestion and digestibility of rations enriched with 20% S. guianensis powder in cavies.

Conclusion: It was concluded that the rate of incorporation of garlic powder at 0.50% in the ration could allow the cavies to better utilize the nutrients.


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